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100th Anniversary Symposium of Umami Discovery
Supplement to The American Journal of CLINICAL NUTRITION
September 2009, Vol. 90, No. 3(S)

Proceedings of a symposium held in Tokyo, Japan September 10-13, 2008
CONTENTS

Introduction to the symposium JD Fernstrom
The gourmet ape: evolution and human food preferences JR Krebs
Umami and the foods of classical antiquity RI Curtis
Glutamate: from discovery as a food flavor to role as a basic taste (umami) K Kurihara
Sensory and receptor responses to umami: an overview of pioneering work GK Beauchamp
History of glutamate production C Sano
T1R receptors mediate mammalian sweet and umami taste X Li
Taste receptors for umami: the case for multiple receptors N Chaudhari, E Pereira, and SD Roper
Metabotropic glutamate receptor type 1 in taste tissue A San Gabriel, T
Maekawa, H
Uneyama, and K Torii
Multiple receptors underlie glutamate taste responses in mice K Yasumatsu, N
Horio, Y Murata, S
Shirosaki, T Ohkuri, R
Yoshida, and Y
Ninomiya
Umami taste transduction mechanisms SC Kinnamon
Glutamate taste and appetite in laboratory mice: physiologic and genetic analyses AA Bachmanov, M
Inoue, H ji, Y Murata,
MG Tordoff, and GK
Beauchamp
Variation in umami perception and in candidate genes for the umami receptor in mice and humans N Shigemura, S
Shirosaki, T Ohkuri, K
Sanematsu, AAS
Islam, Y Ogiwara, M
Kawai, R Yoshida,
and Y Ninomiya
Perceptual variation in umami taste and polymorphisms in TAS1R taste receptor genes Q-Y Chen, S Alarcon,
A Tharp, OM Ahmed,
NL Estrella, TA
Greene, J Rucker,
and PAS Breslin
Early milk feeding influences taste acceptance and liking during infancy JA Mennella, CA
Forestell, LK Morgan,
and GK Beauchamp
Nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms in human tas1r1, tas1r3, and mGluR1 and individual taste sensitivity to glutamate M Raliou, A Wiencis,
A-M Pillias, A
Planchais, C Eloit, Y
Boucher, D Trotier,
J-P Montmayeur,
and A Faurion
Taste and weight: is there a link? LF Donaldson, L
Bennett, S Baic, and
JK Melichar
Functional neuroimaging of umami taste: what makes umami pleasant? ET Rolls
Metabolism and functions of L-glutamate in the epithelial cells of the small and large intestines F Blachier, C Boutry,
C Bos, and D Tome
Taste signaling elements expressed in gut enteroendocrine cells regulate nutrientresponsive secretion of gut hormones Z Kokrashvili, B
Mosinger, and RF
Margolskee
Luminal chemosensing and upper gastrointestinal mucosal defenses Y Akiba
Activation of the gut-brain axis by dietary glutamate and physiologic significance in energy homoeostasis T Kondoh, H Nanda
Mallick, and KTorii
Protein, amino acids, vagus nerve signaling, and the brain D Tome, J Schwarz,
N Darcel, and G
Fromentin
Can dietary supplementation of monosodium glutamate improve the health of the elderly? S Yamamoto, M
Tomoe, K Toyama, M
Kwai, and H Uneyama
Metabolic fate and function of dietary glutamate in the gut DG Burrin and B Stoll
Hepatic glutamate metabolism: a tale of 2 hepatocytes ME Brosnan and JT
Brosnan
Regulation of glutamate metabolism and insulin secretion by glutamate dehydrogenase in hypoglycemic children CA Stanley
The blood-brain barrier and glutamate RA Hawkins
Role of glutamate in neuron-glia metabolic coupling PJ Magistretti
Symposium summary JD Fernstrom
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