International Symposium on Glutamate


Symposium lntroduction
lntroduction to the Symposium Proceedings. John D. Fernstrom
Silvio Garattini
Conference Keynote Presentations
Glutamate: An Amino Acid of Particular Distinction. Vernon R. Young
Alfred M. Ajami
Glutamic Acid, Twenty Years Later. S. Garattini
The Use and Utility of Glutamates as Flavoring Agents in Foods
Glutamate and the Flavor of Foods. Bruce P. Halpern
Function and Importance of Glutamate for Savory Foods. Jürg Löliger
Umami and Food Palatability. Shizuko Yamaguchi
Kumiko Ninomiya
Intensification of Sensory Properties of Foods for the Elderly. Susan S. Schiffman
Basic Characteristics of Glutamates and Umami Sensing in the Oral Cavity and Gut
Physiological Studies on Umami Taste. Kenzo Kurihara
Makoto Kashiwayanagi
Intake of Umami-Tasting Solutions by Mice: A Genetic Analysis. Alexander A. Bachmanav
Michael G. Tordoff
Gary K. Beauchamp
Receptor and Transduction Processes for Umami Taste. Joseph G. Brand
Chemosensory Signal Transduction in Paramecium. Judith L. Van Houten
Wan Qing Yang
Adam Bergeron
Responses to Umami Substances in Taste Bud Cells lnnervated by the Chorda Tympani and Glossopharyngeal Nerves. Yuzo Ninomiya
Kiyohito Nakashima
Atsuo Fukuda
Hitoo Nishino
Tadataka Sugimura
Akihiko Hino
Victoria Danilova
Göran Hellekant.
Hypothalamic and Amygdalar Neuronal Responses to Various Tastant Solutions during Ingestive Behavior in Rats. Hisao Nishijo
Taketoshi Ono
Teruko Uwano
Takashi Kondoh
Kunio Torii
The Representation of Umami Taste in the Taste Cortex. Edmund T. Rolls
Mechanisms of Umami Taste Preference and Aversion in Rats. Takashi Kondoh
Masato Mori
Taketoshi Ono
Kunio Torii
Reflex Effects of Oral, Gastrointestinal and Hepatoportal Glutamate Sensors on Vagal Nerve Activity. Akira Niijima
Glutamate and Glutamine in Metabolism
Glutamine and Glutamate Exchange between the Fetal Liver and the Placenta. Frederick C. Battaglia
Intestinal Glutamate Metabolism. Peter J. Reeds
Douglas G. Burrin
Barbara Stoll
Farook Jahoor
Glutamine and Glutamate Metabolism across the Liver Sinusoid. Malcolm Watford
Glutamate, at the Interface between Amino Acid and Carbohydrate Metabolism. John T. Brosnan
Glutamate, a Window on Liver Intermediary Metabolism. Dawei Yang
Henri Brunengraber
Hormonal Control of Renal and Systemic Glutamine Metabolism. John E. Gerich
Christian Meyer
Michael W. Stumvoll
Circadian Variations in Plasma and Erythrocyte Glutamate Concentrations in Adult Men Consuming a Diet with and without Added Monosodium Glutamate. Po-Jung Tsai
Po-Chao Huang
Plasma Amino Acid Patterns and Visceral Protein Status in Users and Nonusers of Monosodium Glutamate. Vichai Tanphaichitr
Preeya Leelahagul
Kannika Suwan
Glutamate and Glutamine in the Brain
Glutamate as a Neurotransmitter in the Brain: Review of Physiology and Pathology. Brian S. Meldrum
Transport of Glutamate and Other Amino Acids at the Blood-Brain Barrier. Quentin R. Smith
Brain Uptake of Glutamate: Food for Thought. David Attwell
Compartmentation of Brain Glutamate Metabolism in Neurons and Glia. Yevgeny Daikhin
Marc Yudkoff
Neuroglial Responses to Elevated Glutamate in the Medial Basal Hypothalamus of the Infant Mouse. Paul C. Goldsmith
Peripheral Glutamate Receptors: Molecular Biology and Role in Taste Sensation. Raymond Dingledine
P. Jeffrey Conn
Glutamate and Epilepsy. Astrid G. Chapman
Modulatory Role of Neuropeptides in Seizures Induced in Rats by Stimulation of Glutamate Receptors. Annamaria Vezzani
Massimo Rizzi
Mirko Conti
Rosario Samanin
Glutamate Safety in the Food Supply
The Safety Evaluation of Monosodium Glutamate. Ronald Walker
John R. Lupien
Pituitary Hormone Secretion in Normal Male Humans: Acute Responses to a Large, Oral Dose of Monosodium Glutamate. John D. Fernstrom
Review of Alleged Reaction to Monosodium Glutamate and Outcome of a Multicenter Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study. Raif S. Geha
Alexa Beiser
Clement Ren
Roy Patterson
Paul A. Greenberger
Leslie C. Grammer
Anne M. Ditto
Kathleen E. Harris
Martha A. Shaughnessy
Paul R. Yarnold
John Corren
Andrew Saxon
Additive-Induced Urticaria: Experience with Monosodium Glutamate (MSG). Ronald A. Simon
Monosodium Glutamate and Asthma. Donald D. Stevenson
The Administration to Indonesians of Monosodium L-Glutamate in Indonesian Foods: An Assessment of Adverse Reaction in a Randomized Double-Blind, Crossover, Placebo-Controlled Study. Widharto Prawirohardjono
Iwan Dwiprahasto
Indwiani Astuti
Soeliadi Hadiwandowo
Erna Kristin
Mustofa Muhammad
Michael F. Kelly
Symposium Summary
Second International Conference on Glutamate: Conference Summary. John Fernstrom